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Curriculum Summary

The Kingswood Academy Curriculum Summary is a guide for parents. It shows what children at different grade levels should know and be able to do at the end of the school year.

 

Scroll down or Click on the grade to jump directly to that section.

Pre-K | Kindergarten | 1st | 2nd | 3rd | 4th | 5th | 6th | 7th | 8th

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Pre-K

Textbooks and Materials

Reading

Oral language development and vocabulary. Recites the alphabet by memory; introduce letter sounds. Knows how to handle a book, understands the function of an author, understands the function of an illustrator. Understands words carry meaning. Understands beginning middle and end. Can answer questions about story


  • Rowland Reading
  • Sequencing cards
  • Classification cards

Language Arts

Form upper and lower case letters. Write name.
Sandpaper letters-Introducing Sounds, Moveable Alphabet to build three letter words.
Uses inventive spelling Name vowel, name consonant


  • Sand tray
  • Metal insets

Math

Calendar and Time. One-to-one correspondence. Associates symbol to quantity. Matches similar shapes/objects. Understands Even/Odd. Understands: more, less, equal Oral counting to 20. Skip counting. Writes numbers 1-9 Orders numbers 1-100 using manipulatives.


  • Numerical Rods and Numerals
  • Sandpaper Numerals and Felt
  • Spindle Box
  • Colored Bead Bars
  • Memory Game
  • Cards and Counters

History and Geography

Map Skills: 7 continents by name. Punch out a map of the world.
Timeline of natural history.
Holidays and customs


Science

Magnetism. Planets. Volcanoes.
Seasons, weather. Qualities of water; float and sink; solids, liquids, gases.
Health; care of self
Plant life. Parts of plants and animals. Animal life cycle.
Distinguish living and non-living things


Religion

Follow liturgical calendar. Presentation of church articles.
Introduction to Bible parables, sacraments, Marian devotions.
Prayers: Our Father, Hail Mary, Sign of the Cross, Guardian Angel Prayer,
Grace before meals.


  • Catechesis of the Good Shepherd

Enrichment

Music: Basic elements of music: rhythm, melody, Sing traditional songs.
Recognize basic instruments, famous composers
Art: Famous artists, color mixing, art using various materials
Physical Education: Gross motor skills, balance, jump, skip, coordination, group games

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Kindergarten

Textbooks and Materials

Reading

Oral language development and vocabulary, increase listening attention span, develop age appropriate speaking and pronunciation. Recognize upper and lower case letters. Storybook reading. Emerging literacy skills: Author, illustrator, title, understanding of beginning, middle and end. Introduction to 50 sight words. Retell a story in sequence


  • Rowland Reading

Language Arts

Writing concepts: Left to right, top to bottom; spacing between words; correct formation of
letters; capital letters & periods, question marks, and exclamation points.
Introduction to noun, verb, and adjective.
Write phonetically.
Write first and last name correctly.


  • Rowland Reading

Math

Rote count to 100, Count backward from 10, count by 2s to 10, count by 5's to 50, count by 10's to 100. Recognize 1-20. Days of the week, months, seasons. Time to the hour.
Compare amounts on graphs. Begin to recognize, duplicate, and create simple patterns. Money: recognize coins; $ and ¢ signs. Understand more than, less than, equal.
Addition and subtraction with concrete objects. Recognize + and – signs.


  • Liberty Math
  • Manipulatives for hands-on work

History and Geography

Basic Geography: Oceans, 7 continents, locate the US, locate your state.
Familiarity with one Native American tribe.
Early Exploration and Settlement: Columbus, the Pilgrims, Independence Day.
Well-known Presidents: Washington, Lincoln, Jefferson, Roosevelt.
Symbols and figures: the American flag, Statue of Liberty, Mt. Rushmore, White House.


  • Core Knowledge Big Books

Science

Human characteristics, needs and development. 5 senses. Animal characteristics, needs and development. Plant characteristics, needs and growth. Seasons and weather concepts.
Our planet Earth.


  • Read Aloud books

Religion

Attributes of God, the Blessed Trinity, the life of Jesus
Mary, Mother of God and our Mother
Bible picture stories, Holy days
Prayers: Our Father, Hail Mary, Glory Be, Sign of the Cross, Memorare, Grace before meals


  • Image of God

Enrichment

Music: Basic elements of music: rhythm, melody. Sing traditional songs.
Listen and move to music.
Visual Arts: Painting, drawing, explore color and line.
Physical Education: 1 day/week: gross motor skills/balance; coordination, group games.

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First Grade

Textbooks and Materials

Reading

Know 80 basic sight words.
Phonics: Introduction to digraphs (sh, th, ch, blends, and long vowel patterns.
Read orally with expression, determine main idea, cause and effect, predict outcomes, draw conclusions. Basic dictionary skills, study authors, read fiction and non-fiction.
Read similar folk tales from different lands.


  • Rowland Reading
  • Guided Reading

Language Arts

Write complete sentences with correct end punctuation, capitalization rules.
Recognize and use contractions.
Daily writing practice in a variety of writing types: journals, observational writing, narrative, and report of information. "Publish" stories twice a year.


  • Rowland Reading
  • Kingswood Spelling Program

Math

Patterns, sort and classify, define a set by its attributes. Place value to 100. Estimate.
Count to 100 by 1's, 2's, 5's, and 10's, compare quantities using < and > and =, recognize fractions, use tallies, identify ordinal position. Count nickels, dimes, and pennies to $1.00, Master addition and subtraction facts to 12, Solve two digit problems without regrouping.
Create and interpret graphs. ID 3 dimensional shapes. Measurement, tell time to 5 min.


  • Harcourt Math 1

History and Geography

Geography: Basic map skills.
Early civilizations: Mesopotamia, Ancient Egypt.
Modern civilization and culture of Mexico.
Early American people and civilizations. Early exploration and settlement of American West. From colonies to independence. Symbols and figures. Learn about and celebrate holidays.


  • Core Knowledge History1— Pearson Learning.

Science

Cycles in nature. Life cycles of the plant, chicken, frog, and butterfly; plant cycle.
Animal Habitats; Distinguishing characteristics of insects.
Intro to Matter: Matter is made up of atoms; solids, liquids, gases
Weather; water cycle. Forces, Magnetism. Natural Resources.
Health: Food pyramid, nutrition, hygiene.


  • Harcourt Science 1

Religion

God as Father , Heaven, Jesus as Savior, Jesus' Birth, Jesus' Miracles, Jesus dies on the cross and rises from the dead, The Trinity, Mary, Our Mother, The Holy Mass, Bible themes,
Saints, and Holy days
Prayers: Glory Be, Act of Contrition, Angelus


  • Faith and Life 1—Ignatius Press

Enrichment

Spanish: Oral language development-80 minutes/week.
Music: Elements of Music, musical terms, American musical traditions.
Visual Arts: Art from long ago, exploring color, form, line, and shape in various media, kinds of pictures: portrait, still life, landscape, etc.
Physical Education: Fitness, skills for team sports, sportsmanship, health.

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Second Grade

Textbooks and Materials

Reading

Read orally with expression and fluency. 200 sight words.
Differentiate between fact and opinion, make inferences, make comparisons, draw conclusions, summarize. Character study.
Phonic s patterns for long and short vowels, diphthongs, blends, digraphs, suffixes, prefixes, and schwa sound.


  • Rowland Reading
  • Guided Reading
  • Boxcar Children and other novel

Language Arts

Divide words into syllables. Identify compound words, synonyms, antonyms, and homophones. Identify nouns, pronouns, verbs, adjectives, and articles. Use possessives and contractions.
Write in a variety of writing types, self-edit. Use research skills to complete a research project. Write neatly in manuscript and cursive. Use correct ending marks, commas, and capital letters.


  • Rowland Reading
  • Kingswood Spelling Program

Math

Recognize and write numbers to 1000; greater than and less than, know + and — facts to 18; skip count by 2's, 3's, 4's, and 5's, place value to the 100's, add and subtract 2 and 3 digit numbers with regrouping. Multiply to 5's. Geometry: Perimeter, parallel, ID solids.
Measurement, tell time to 5 min. intervals and elapsed time. Count coins.
Explore the meaning of fractions. Interpret graphs. Problem solving.


  • Math 2—McGraw Hill

History and Geography

Geography of the Americas. Map terminology: Equator, compass.
Early civilizations: Asia, Ancient Greece.
Modern civilizations and culture: Japan.
American Government: End of Revolutionary War and the writing of the constitution.
The War of 1812, Westward Expansion, the Civil War, Immigration, Civil Rights.


  • Core Knowledge History 2— Pearson Learning.
  • Little books.

Science

Dinosaurs and fossils: History of the Earth, geographical features.
Matter: Solids, liquids, gases. Measurement .
Light and optics: Speed of light, optics, spectrum, vision.
Sound: Pitch, how sound travels, the human ear, hearing.
Nutrition: Classify according to 5 food groups.


  • Harcourt Science 2

Religion

The Creed, the sacraments, the commandments. Mary, Our Mother.
Preparation for first confession: Understanding of God's grace.
Preparation for first communion: The Last Supper. Understanding of the transubstantiation, understanding of the Holy Mass.
New Prayers: Morning Offering, Adorote Devote.


  • Faith and Life 2—Ignatius Press

Enrichment

Spanish: Oral language development 3 periods/week
Music: listening and understanding orchestra, composers and their music, music elements.
Visual Arts: Architecture: Asian and Greek, Exploring color, form, line, and shape. Abstract art, landscape, sculpture.
Physical Education: fitness, skills for team sports, sportsmanship, health.

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Third Grade

Textbooks and Materials

Reading

Develop fluency and expression in oral reading.
Use main idea, details, inference, cause and effect, and logical conclusion for comprehension. Read for information: newspapers, directions, charts and graphs.
Use table of contents, index, and glossary. Use suffixes and prefixes to expand vocabulary.
Read nonfiction books, poetry, biography, mythology.


  • Open Court & Jr. Great Books
  • Sadako and the 1000
  • Paper Cranes
  • Cricket in Time Square
  • Addie Across the Prairie
  • Helen Keller

Language Arts

Know subject and predicate. Know nouns, verbs, adjectives, articles and pronouns.
Write compositions of 3 paragraphs. Write for a variety of purposes and audiences.
Research and write a report. Effectively use the editing process. Use correct punctuation and capitalization.
Write neatly in cursive and manuscript.


  • Sadlier Oxford Grammar 3
  • Sadlier Oxford Vocabulary 3
  • Kingswood Spelling Program

Math

Estimating, place value to the 100,000's, Roman numerals 1-20, negative numbers, identify sq. roots, round to the nearest 10 and 100. Mastery of addition and subtraction facts, five digit addition and subtraction with and without regrouping Memorize multiplication facts, division with one digit divisors. Making change, equivalent fractions, mixed number, ID numerator and denominator, polygons, angles. Measurement equivalencies.


  • Math 3—McGraw Hill

History and Geography

Geography: map key, distances using a bar scale., Canada, important rivers
Ancient Rome, the Vikings
The earliest Americans, from the Ice Age, Native Americans
The exploration of North America
The thirteen colonies: life and times before the Revolution


  • Core Knowledge History 3— Pearson Learning. Little books.

Science

Earth's Water: its sources , water cycle, the water molecule, water pollution
Ecology: Food chain, Habitats: Prairie and forest
Geology: Earth and its changes. layers of the earth, rocks and minerals, atoms, periodic table
Astronomy: Planetary motion, gravity, asteroids, eclipse, space exploration


  • Harcourt Science

Religion

Old Testament : Creation; Abraham, Moses, King David
The Commandments, The Holy Mass, Songs for Mass, Holy days
Communion of the Saints; Mary, our Mother and Queen
Memorize: The 10 Commandments, The Mysteries of the Rosary
Prayers: The Regina Coeli, Memorare, Stations of the Cross


  • Faith and Life 3—Ignatius Press

Enrichment

Spanish: Oral language development 3 periods/week
Music : Rhythm and melody, notation, composers and their music
Visual Arts: Use of light and space.; design: pattern, balance and symmetry.
American Indian Art , Art of Ancient Rome and Byzantine Culture.
Physical Education: fitness, skills for team sports, sportsmanship, health

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Fourth Grade

Textbooks and Materials

Reading

Distinguish between different genres. Recognize plot, protagonist & antagonist, author's style and point of view. Develop comprehension skills including drawing conclusions, inference, sequence, cause and effect, figurative language, predictions, and fact or opinion. Students should read 20 minutes daily outside of class work. Use encyclopedia and other non-fiction books for research.


  • Open Court & Jr. Great Books
  • The Magician's Nephew
  • Farmer Boy/Little House on the Prairie
  • From the Mixed Up Files
  • Whipping Boy

Language Arts

Writing: Produce a variety of types of writing: Narrative, descriptive, expository, persuasive, reports, poems, letters. Use the editing process. Gather information from different sources and write short reports. Indent paragraphs. Know parts of speech including adverbs, conjunctions, and interjections. Use correct punctuation. Use prefixes and suffixes for word understanding. Review correct usage of problematic homophones.


  • Grammar 4—Sadlier Oxford
  • Vocabulary 4—Sadlier Oxford
  • Kingswood Spelling Program

Math

Memorize multiplication and division facts to 12. Square and square roots to and from 144. Multiply 2 and 3 digit numbers. Roman numerals to 1000. Plot points on a coordinate plane. Area and volume of prisms. Recognize fractions to 1/12th. Change improper fractions to mixed numbers. Put fractions in lowest terms. Common denominator. Add and subtract fractions. Round decimals to the nearest 10th and 100th.


  • Math 4—McGraw Hill

History and Geography

Map skills: Latitude and longitude, coordinates, degrees, Prime Meridian, mountains.
Europe in the Middle Ages, the spread of Islam and the "Holy Wars", early and Medieval African kingdoms, China: Dynasties and conquerors.
The American Revolution, making a constitutional government, early presidents and politics, reformers. Research a state. Identify the 50 states and capitals


  • Core Knowledge History 4— Pearson Learning.

Science

Human body: Circulatory, respiratory, skeletal/muscular, nervous, and digestive systems
Electricity: Introduction to circuits Meteorology: Types of clouds, wind, the atmosphere, causes of weather and forecasting tools. Simple machines.
Classifying living things, history of the earth. Oceanography.
Plant and plant processes: Photosynthesis, seed distribution, plant reproduction.


  • Harcourt Science 4

Religion

Old Testament: the Fall, the people of Israel, the Promised Land, Kings David and Solomon
The New Testament: Preparation for the Savior, the Perfect Sacrifice, the Holy Spirit, the Church of Christ, the Sacraments as channels of grace, Bible Passages. St. Reports.
Prayers: Acts of Faith, Hope, and Love
Memorize: 7 Sacraments, Holy Days of Obligation


  • Faith and Life 4—Ignatius Press

Enrichment

Spanish: Oral language– 3 periods/week
Music: Elements of music, orchestra, names of vocal ranges, composers and their music
Visual Arts: Art of the Middle Ages in Europe, art of Africa, art of China, art of a new nation: USA. Exploring color, form, line, and shape in various media
Physical Education: Fitness, sportsmanship, rules and skills for team sports.

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Fifth Grade

Textbooks and Materials

Reading

Experience various types of literature: Historical, fantasy, biography, non-fiction books etc.
Characterization, summarizing, reinforcing comprehension skills.
Reading with fluency and expression.
Quarterly book reports.
Vocabulary through Greek and Latin roots.


  • Open Court & Jr. Great Books
  • A Wrinkle in Time
  • Number the Stars
  • The Silver Chair
  • Where the Red Fern Grows
  • Island of the Blue Dolphin

Language Arts

Produce a variety of writing types. Write fluently and neatly in cursive.
Gather information from different sources to write a report with a rudimentary bibliography.
Introduction to auxiliary verbs and indefinite pronouns.
Show an understanding of spelling rules in daily work.
Use a dictionary and thesaurus. Increase vocabulary using Latin and Greek roots.


  • Grammar 5—Sadlier Oxford
  • Vocabulary 5—Sadlier Oxford
  • Kingswood Spelling Program

Math

Fractions: least common denominator, GCF and LCM, add, subtract, and multiply mixed numbers and fractions, convert fractions to decimal, multiply and divide decimals. Properties of multiplication, multiply and divide by a two digit number.
Measure and name angles, area, volume and perimeter.
Mastery of all basic facts.


  • Math 5—McGraw Hill

History and Geography

World Geography: Spatial Sense, Lakes Meso-American Civilizations, European Exploration: Trade, and Clash of Cultures Renaissance and Reformation; England from "Golden Age" to "Glorious Revolution" Russia:Early Growth and Expansion; Feudal Japan
Westward expansion, Civil War


  • Core Knowledge History 5— Pearson Learning.

Science

Astronomy: Gravity, stars, and galaxies. The Solar System
Earth Science: Plate tectonics, earthquakes and volcanoes. History of Earth & life forms.
Physics: energy, work, simple machines, speed, forces and motion: model rocket project
Weather: Effects of solar energy, atmosphere, fronts and storms
Lab techniques and scientific method: science fair project


  • Harcourt Science 5

Religion

The Creed: Creation, Angels, The Fall from Grace, God's People, God the Son, The Holy Spirit, The Church, Call to Holiness.
St. Report, Prophet study.
Memorize: Apostle's Creed, St. Michael prayer.


  • Faith and Life 5—Ignatius Press

Enrichment

Spanish: Oral language and initial written language 3 periods/week
Music: Elements of music, composers and their music.
Visual Arts: Renaissance Art, 19th Century US art, art of Japan. Review concepts of line, shape, form, texture, color, and design.
Physical Education: Fitness , sportsmanship, rules and skill practice for team sports.

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Sixth Grade

Textbooks and Materials

Reading

Experience various types of literature: Historical, fantasy, biography, non-fiction books etc.
Recognize simile and metaphor.
Students should read 25 min. daily outside of class.
Vocabulary development through Greek and Latin roots.


  • Voyage of the Dawn Treader
  • Phantom Tollbooth
  • The Golden Fleece
  • My Side of the Mountain
  • The Secret Garden

Language Arts

Grammar: Correct fragments and run-ons, understand that pronouns must agree with their antecedent's case (nominative, objective, possessive), number and gender. Use correct punctuation including the colon before a list and commas with an appositive. Know how prefixes and suffixes affect word meaning. Review of punctuation.
Review all writing types.


  • Writing and Grammar workbook.
  • Bronze Level—Prentice Hall.
  • Vocabulary from Classical Roots 6– EPS.
  • Vocabulary 6—Sadlier Oxford
  • Kingswood Spelling Program

Math

Write numbers in expanded notation using exponents. Solve proportions with one unknown. Equivalencies between fractions, decimals, and percents. Add, subtract, multiply, and divide fractions and mixed numbers. Construct a perpendicular bisector, construct congruent figures, classify triangles Find the area and perimeter of plane figures
Find the circumference of a circle. Construct a histogram. Plot points on a coordinate plane.


  • Math 6—McGraw Hill

History and Geography

Geography: Spatial sense, Great Deserts of the World
Ideas from Ancient Civilizations: Judaism and Christianity, Ancient Rome, Ancient Greece, the Enlightenment, the French Revolution, Romanticism, Industrialism, Capitalism & Socialism.
Latin American Independence Movements.
American Immigration, Industrialization, Urbanization, and Reform.


  • Core Knowledge History 6— Pearson Learning.

Science

Human biology and health: nutrition, skeletal, muscular, digestive, excretory systems, endocrine system, immune system, cell structures & processes.
Chemistry of food and respiration. Matter and change: molecules, atoms, compounds, elements, chemical and physical change.
Laboratory techniques and scientific method. Develop a science fair project


  • Science Explorer Series —Prentice Hall

Religion

Following Christ: The 10 Commandments, The Beatitudes, The Holy Mass, Saints, Prayer, The Last Things: Heaven, Hell, and Purgatory, Saints in the 20th Century.
Prayers: The Nicene Creed, The Mysteries of the Rosary.
Memorize: The Beatitudes
Community service


  • Faith and Life 6—Ignatius Press

Enrichment

Spanish: daily: oral and written language, and grammar.
Music: Elements of music. Composers and their music.
Visual Arts: Art history and their periods. Review concepts of line, shape, form, texture, color, and design.
Physical Education: Fitness, sportsmanship, rules and skill practice for team sports.


  • Realidades—Prentice Hall

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Seventh Grade

Textbooks and Materials

Reading

Literary Terms: Irony, flashbacks and foreshadowing
Review elements of fiction: Plot, setting, theme, point of view, conflict, climax, characterization, tone and diction.
Understanding short stories
Use of Latin and Greek roots to develop vocabulary.


  • The Giver
  • Hobbit
  • The Merchant of Venice
  • My Brother Sam is Dead
  • Vocabulary from Classical
  • Roots B-EPS

Language Arts

Write nonfiction essays that describe, narrate, persuade, and compare and contrast.
Complete a formal research project with emphasis on defining the thesis, organizing an outline, integrating quotations from sources, preparing a bibliography.
Usage of parts of speech: Direct and indirect object.
Sentence structures, diagramming. Mastery of Punctuation.


  • Grammar and Writing Silver —Prentice Hall
  • Kingswood Spelling Rules

Math: Pre-Algebra

Solve equalities and inequalities. Mean, median, and mode. Proportions with mixed numbers. Complementary and supplementary angles, Pythagorean theorem, triangles, angle bisectors. Multiplication of exponential expressions. Graphing inequalities. Permutations.
Metric and English conversions.


  • Gateways to Algebra and Geometry-McDougal-Littel

History and Geography

Know why early settlers came to North America, Understand the causes and results of the American Revolution, Identify the problems in creating a new democracy.
Why and how American expanded its boundaries. Economic and financial challenges of the new country. Geography of the Americas.
Introduction to research and writing about history.


  • American Journey-Early —Glencoe.

Science

Light and Sound: General property of waves
Sound waves, electromagnetic radiation spectrum, refraction and reflection.
Electricity and magnetism: Basic terms and concepts, electron flow, static electricity flowing electricity, Earth's magnetism.


  • Science Explorer Series —Prentice Hall

Religion

Divine Revelation, The Prophets, Prefigurements, the Priesthood of Jesus, The Foundation of the Church, Doctrine of Grace, The Cardinal Virtues, The 7 Sacraments, Mary— Mediatrix of Grace.
Preparation for Confirmation.


  • Faith and Life 7—Ignatius Press

Enrichment

Spanish: daily: oral and written language, and grammar.
Music: Elements of music. Composers and their music. American musical traditions.
Visual Arts: Impressionism, Modern American Painting.
Physical Education: Fitness, sportsmanship, rules and skill practice for team sports.


  • Realidades—Prentice Hall

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Eighth Grade

Textbooks and Materials

Reading

Literary Terms: Irony, flashbacks, foreshadowing, allusion, figures of speech, symbolism.
Review elements of fiction: Plot, setting, theme, point of view, conflict, climax, characterization, tone and diction.
Appreciation of short stories
Vocabulary; Greek and Latin roots.


  • Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde
  • Across Five Aprils
  • Macbeth
  • Vocabulary Level C- Sadlier-
  • Oxford. Vocabulary from Classical
  • Roots-EPS

Language Arts

Usage of parts of speech: Prepositional phrases, appositives, participles, gerunds, infinitives, adjective clauses, adverb clauses, noun clauses.
Common sentence errors: Misplaced and dangling modifiers. Sentence diagramming: Compound-complex sentences.
Write for a variety of purposes. Research paper; review of literature. Outline and bibliography.


  • Grammar and Writing Gold-Prentice Hall

Math: Algebra

Simplify expressions with exponents. Multiply a polynomial with a polynomial. Factor
Polynomials. Solve quadratic equations. Add and subtract algebraic fractions. Graph linear
equations in two variables. Find values of a function. Solve equations using radicals,
determine solution sets of inequalities and graph results.


  • Algebra, McDougal Littel

History and Geography

Causes, conflicts and consequences of the Civil War. Underground Railroad and life as a slave. Reasons and processes of immigration. Factors and methods of US industrialization. Reconstruction. Causes of WWI and US involvement; Versailles Treaty. Characteristics of the Great Depression, Causes of WWII, major historical events from 1950's to the present. American government. Illinois and US Constitution Test.


  • American Journey Modern Times— Glencoe.

Science

Chemistry: Matter and change, atomic structure, the periodic table, energy and energy transfer, chemical bonds and reactions, chemistry of food and respiration.
Biology: Cell division, genetics.
Physics: Thermal heat and energy Speed, force, energy, and power. Laboratory techniques and scientific method. Develop a science project.


  • Science Explorer Series —Prentice Hall

Religion

The nature of the Church, Church history, separated brethren, Worship, review of sacraments, Communion of Saints
Universal Call to Holiness, Life of Virtue, Vocations, Prayer and the Sacramental Life
Death and Particular Judgment


  • Faith and Life 8—Ignatius Press

Enrichment

Spanish: daily: oral and written language, and grammar.
Music: Elements of music. Classical music, vocal music—opera and musical theater.
Visual Arts: Painting since WWII, photography, architecture since the industrial revolution.
Physical Education: Fitness, sportsmanship, rules and skill practice for team sports.


  • Realidades—Prentice Hall